Flavio Barbiero, Centro Camuno di Studi Preistorici, Capodiponte, Italy

All over the world there exist myths about a universal flood and traditions about  an antediluvian civilization called Atlantis or Mu. Scientists deny usually any validity to such traditions or at least  greatly reduce their significance, bringing them to more manageable spatial and temporal dimensions from an archaeological point of view (Santorini etc.). Geology and archaeology, in fact, do not allow any space on Earth for an  advanced civilization of the size and the antiquity of Atlantis, as described by Plato.

This attitude  does not take into account the climatic situation on Earth during the concerned period. According to the theory exposed by the author in a previous section, the climatic situation during the Pleistocene  was influenced by the fact that the North Pole was located between Greenland and Canada, at the edge of the great Winsconsin's ice cap. As a consequence, the South Pole was placed near the current magnetic pole, on the coast of Antarctica facing Australia. The coast of Antarctica facing the Atlantic, therefore, was placed at a much lower latitude and was completely free of ice, as  witnessed by conclusive geological evidence.

While the palaeolithic cultures were thriving all over the remaining parts of the world, in that part of Antarctica the first human agricultural civilization  developed in complete isolation, thanks to populations driven there by oceanic currents from South-East Asia and South America.

At the end of Pleistocene, an asteroid or a comet impact triggered a shift of the poles, according to the mechanism explained in the previous communication. This resulted in the  world-wide catastrophe remembered by traditions as the "universal flood", during which Atlantis sunk (temporarily) in the ocean. Soon after, the glaciation covered the Atlantic coasts of Antarctica, thus deleting all archaeological evidence.

Several vessels must have survived the catastrophe, bringing their crew safely to the coasts of America, Africa and Asia. Here they started, in complete autonomy and isolation, the Neolithic cultures and later civilizations. The numerous  striking similarities  between ancient civilizations all over the world were due in our view to the common culture of the survivors of the flood. An impressive amount of evidence of different kind  supports this theory.

The chronological gap of 4 millennia between the end of Atlantis and the archaeological findings of the most ancient known civilizations (such as Mohenjo Daro, Ur and so on), is only apparent: due to the thawing of northern hemisphere's ice caps, the sea level  has been constantly raising during the first 4 millennia after the end of Pleistocene, for a total amount of possibly 130 meters, thus submerging any remnants of populations established along the coasts. This is confirmed by the existence of submerged structures all over the world, like the great pyramid off Yonaguny Island (Japan), the remnants of a town off the Cadiz' coast and so on.

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