Identification of the most recent fortified structures
and recognition of surviving historical evidence
The military function of Segovia's walls had disappeared by the
beginning of the Modern Age, with a centralized government being
set up in the 16th century, which meant the loss of collection
of taxes, since these were controlled by the State. As a consequence
of this, the walls began to decline. Moreover, the walls became
an obstacle to city development and there were also quarrels and
controversies about financing repair works.
The following facts must also be taken into consideration:
- use of the walls as a quarry
- use of the walls as a rubbish dump
- appropriation of the walls by private citizens and religious
- loss of symbolic and territorial meaning.
During the 19th century, the walls were considered to be an obstacle
and their systematic demolition began. On the contrary, in the
20th century, serious efforts were made to preserve monuments,
and therefore there was a lot of recovery work, such as:
1946 - Restoration of the Santigo gate
1949 - Reconstruction of the Consuelo door
1957/9 - Repair work on the walls close to the Alcazar
1960/70 - Restoration of different sections of the wall
1968 - Reconstruction of the wall crown around San Juan
1970 - Repair of the Santiago and San Andres gates
2000 - Reconstruction of a block on the northern walls
The philosophy lying behind the conservation policy is explained
in a plan of historical-artistic features for the walls:
a) To preserve, recover and increase the identity of the walled
b) To conserve the artistic, environmental and historical heritage
of existing buildings and spaces.
c) To make some areas pedestrian areas, thereby reinstating the
original paths, itineraries, etc.
d) To draw up a catalogue of buildings, spaces and natural or
artificial elements making up the walled enclosure.
The Spanish Historical Heritage Law of 1985 establishes conservation
of our heritage, and the Castile and León Heritage Law
shows the great interest of our community in defending and protecting
this common heritage.