The proposed educational goals of both courses are coherent with the most recent literature concerning Art Studies as part of L-ART/04 (Museology and critique of restoration), L-ART/06 (Cinema, Photography and Television) and L-ART/04. The goals are also coherent with the general framework of the PMTS MA Course, with reference to the AREA “Languages, Art, Culture”, devoted to tourism as linguistic and social practice, analysed in historical and cultural contexts.
At the end of the module the students will have a better understanding of films and cinema, and they will be able to describe and to comment films and parts of films. In addition, they will possess methods to analyze and represent film contents, with particular attention to aspects concerning places as cultural constructions, and human presence. Moreover, Part A of the module will offer an understanding of methodological, aesthetic and psychological questions involved with the viewing of a film. Part B will offer an overview of film induced tourism based on both on-location and off-location attractions in the United States and Italy, paying attention to the key-role of film commissions.
Part A: Basic issues concerning film studies (18 hours).
The course will present film studies focusing on the key concepts, on the specific terminology and on the analysis of shots, scenes, and technical parameters. Film production, film form, narration, mise-en-scene, photography, editing and sound will be presented and explained.
Films: Our Hospitality (1923) by Buster Keaton, The Wizard of Oz (1939) by Victor Fleming, Citizen Kane (1941) by Orson Welles, The Maltese Falcon (1941) by John Huston, A Man Escaped (1956) by Robert Bresson.
Part B1: Cities: Images and Representations in Contemporary Cinema (2 hours).
This part of the course will focus on the cinematic representations of cities in Italy (Venice) and France (Paris). Particular attention will be paid to the cinematic representations of space and actions not only for narrative ends, but also as explorations of actual touristic destinations. Switches between present and past will be explored too, in order to discover different layers of urban imaginaries.
Films: The Tourist (2010, by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck), Midnight in Paris (2011, by Woody Allen).
The vision of all the films is compulsory.
Part B2 (10 hours): On and off-location: Film induced tourism and local communities
This seminar analyses the key-function of movies in promoting tourism, focusing on both on-location and off-location attractions, using case studies from the United States, more precisely the cities of Los Angeles and Las Vegas, and Italy. Centering on the role of film commissions, the seminar will investigate topics such as local communities and environmental sustainability in film-tourism development and planning.
Textbooks and reading list:
1) David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson, Film Art. An Introduction, New York, McGraw-Hill, 2001, chapters 1. Film as Art, 2. The Significance of Film Form, 3. Narrative as a Formal System, 4. The Shot: Mise-en-Scene, 5. The Shot: Cinematography, 6. The Relation of Shot to Shot: Editing, 7. Sound in the Cinema (pages: 260).
2) Sue Beeton, Film-Induced Tourism, Clevedon, Channel View, 2005 (pages: 245).
3) Marta Soligo and David R. Dickens, “Rest in Fame: Celebrity Tourism in Hollywood Cemeteries” Tourism Culture & Communication (pages: 10)
4) David R. Dickens, “Beyond the Strip”, in World Film Locations-Las Vegas (pages 2)
Part A. Lectures, viewing of scenes from the films with analysis and commentary, slides. Particular attention will be paid to the technical terms concerning film and cinema.
Part B. Classes will be a mixture of different forms of teaching, changing between lectures (imparting basic concepts and notions) and group discussions (discussing range, pertinence and relevance of the concepts and notions introduced), (short) film screenings and the interpretation of the film scenes presented.
Parts A and B1: Interview.
Students are asked to read the texts regarding the theme, to have a knowledge of the films with reference to aspects of the matters and topics presented by the authors. During the interview they are expected to be able to introduce, comment, and analyze film or parts of films considered during the lectures.
Part B2: Written assignment.
For the final exam, students are asked to select a case study (of their choice) and analyze it through the lens of the concepts analyzed during the lectures (written test, three-five pages). Students are presented the exam modalities during the first class. They are free to chose between two deadlines for the papers to be handed in. Their papers will be evaluated according to the amount of how they are able to apply the theories and interpretations discussed in class to three films of their choice.
The module will be held during the second sub-term, from November 9 to December 16, 2020. For non-attending students there are no differences in the program. Films are available at the "Centro linguistico" and at external archives: Mediateca provinciale (Bergamo), Fondazione Alasca (Bergamo - www.alasca.it), Tiraboschi Library (Bergamo). Materials for consultation will be shared with the students via web. Attending Erasmus students are asked to contact the lecturer at the beginning of the course.