TOURISM CULTURES | Università degli studi di Bergamo


Modulo Generico
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Scheda dell'insegnamento

Per studenti immatricolati al 1° anno a.a.: 
Insegnamento (nome in italiano): 
Insegnamento (nome in inglese): 
Tourism Cultures
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Attività formativa Affine/Integrativa
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Altre informazioni sull'insegnamento

Primo Semestre
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Attività formative affini o integrative

Advanced knowledge of English- oral and written

Educational goals

The module Tourism Cultures offers cultural and historic perspectives on the birth and development of travel and tourism.
In this module students will acquire:
• The knowledge of historical framework necessary to approach travel and tourism as dynamic cultural practices related to specific social contexts;
• Awareness of theoretical concepts and contexts concerning ‘gaze’ and ‘narration’ as related to tourist perception and experience;
• Comprehension of tourism as a social practice related to imaginary and processed by media and IT (guidebooks, fictions, Internet).
The objectives of the module are coherent with the Cultural Studies critical approach related to Travel and Tourism theories and to Anthropology of complex societies. The objectives are also coherent with the general framework of the MA PMTS Course, with reference to the AREA “Languages, Art, Culture”, devoted to tourism language, heritage and art in their cultural impacts and in managerial perspectives.

Course content

Topics of Tourism Cultures module in detail:
• The history of travel in anthropological and historical perspective;
• The impact of narrations on tourism practices and on local communities;
• Ancient travels and destinations (the Classic World, The Routes of Pilgrimage);
• The rise of modern tourism - Grand Tour and Petit Tour
• Travel, leisure and vacation for the élites;
• Mass tourism development - XIX century (in England) and XX century (in the Mediterranean);
• Brief presentations of Tourism development in Italy;
• The "tourist gaze"- modern and post-modern developments;
• Contemporary tourism issues: globalization, responsibility, fear/security, catastrophes and terrorism, “dark tourism”, pandemics,
Two lectures in a form of seminar are provided by a visiting professor, on the topics of Narrations and Imaginaries in Tourism.

Teaching methods

Lectures are supported by:
• Power Point Presentations,
• Short videos from the Web,
• Web navigation,
• Reading extracts from the listed bibliography.
The didactic approach is discursive and dialogic – with collective debates related also to the students’ special interests. The aim is not only to transfer knowledge and present concepts and models but also to develop critical attitudes and multi-cultural dialogue, stimulating transversal competences.
Lectures and materials of the whole module will be also available on-line (live or recorded and published on Moodle).

Assessment and Evaluation

Written assignments and oral exam.
Brief written assignments will be required weekly during the course, in the form of a comment/analysis on the given readings. The collection of the assignments will be evaluated as written part of the exam, to be discussed during the oral exam.
The oral exam is discursive and will test the knowledge of concepts and issues presented to the classroom or related to the text references, and to the recommended readings in the case of non-attendee students.
Relevant elements in the final evaluation:
• Demonstration of the general comprehension of course discourses and texts related issues (as listed in the Contents of the Course);
• Critical argumentation;
• Exhibition of thoughtful analysis and conceptual synthesis;
• Good writing skills;
• Careful use of references and bibliography;
• Quality of the critical argumentation in fluent English.

Mark Vademecum:
Outstanding (30 e lode): excellent knowledge of all of the contents of the course. Excellent ability to analyze the texts and to contextualize them in an appropriate way. The student uses the academic writing register/style with appropriate linguistic terminologies.
Very good (30 to 27): very good knowledge of all of the contents of the course. Very good ability to analyse the texts and to contextualize them in an appropriate way.
Good (26-24): Good knowledge of the contents of the course. Adequate ability to describe the texts. The language used is simple but correct.
Fair/sufficient (23-18): Sufficient knowledge, coherence, use of appropriate resources and quality of presentation to warrant a basic pass. The ability to analyse the texts is not wholly satisfactory. The performance is very descriptive and does not fully address the issues raised by the questions.
Fail (below 18): The student demonstrates only a basic awareness of the contents of the course. The performance is confused and incoherent, with inaccuracies and major errors.

Further information

Students are highly recommended to attend the lectures and all the activities related to the Course, which stimulate participation and allow training in transversal competences.
For non-attendee students, frequent contacts with the teachers are recommended. (virtual or in Presence). Some further readings are suggested, also in case of insights in view of the final thesis:
• Il Turismo"- voce enciclopedica a cura di R.Bonadei at alii, in La Cultura Italiana, UTET, 2010- (PDF available on the web page of the course).
• N. Salazar, Envisioning Eden. Mobilising Imaginaries in tourism and beyond, Berghahn Books, 2012.

Erasmus students are recommended to introduce themselves to the lecturers at the beginning of the teaching period, either if they are attendee or non-attendee students. Programmes and exam contents are the same for Erasmus and non-Erasmus students. A special winter session of exams is available for the Erasmus students who finish their stay in December.

In case the course is delivered in the dual/blended or online mode, what has been stated in the syllabus is susceptible to change in order to make both the classes and the exams accessible in a non face-to-face environment.